Importance of Surah Al-Fatiha
Bismillāhi r-raḥmāni r-raḥīm
- In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
1:2 الْحَمْدُ للّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِين
Al ḥamdu lillāhi rabbi l-‘ālamīn
- Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds
1:3 الرَّحْمـنِ الرَّحِيم
Ar raḥmāni r-raḥīm
- The Beneficent, the Merciful.
1:4 مَـالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّين
- Māliki yawmi d-dīn
- Master of the Day of Judgement
1:5 إِيَّاك نَعْبُدُ وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِين
- Iyyāka na’budu wa iyyāka nasta’īn
- To you we worship and to you we turn to in help.
1:6 اهدِنَــــا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيمَ
Ihdinā ṣ-ṣirāṭ al-mustaqīm
- Show us the straight path,
1:7 صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنعَمتَ عَلَيهِمْ غَيرِ المَغضُوبِ عَلَيهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّين
- Ṣirāṭ al-laḏīna an’amta ‘alayhim ġayril maġḍūbi ‘alayhim walāḍ ḍāllīn
- The path of those whom Thou hast favoured; Not the (path) of those who earn Thine anger nor of those who go astray.
This is the most important surah in theQur’an, and there are a lot ofA h ad ith which narrate the virtues of this surah. In Musnad of Imam Ahmed, he recorded that Abu Hurayrah (May Allah be pleased with him), said, “The Messenger of Allah went out while Ubayy bin Ka‘b was praying and said,“O’ Ubayy!”, Ubayy did not answer him. The Prophet said, “O’ Ubayy!”, Ubayy prayed faster then went to the Messenger of Allah saying, “Peace be unto you, O’ Messenger of Allah!” He said, “Peace be unto you. O’ Ubayy, what prevented you from answering me when I called you”, Ubayy said, “O’ Messenger of Allah! I was praying”. He said, “Did you not read among what Allah has sent down to me”,‘Answer Allah and Messenger when he calls you to that which gives you life’.
He said, “Yes, O’ Messenger of Allah! I will not do it again.” the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said; “Would you like me to teach you a surah the likes of which
nothing has been revealed in the Torah, the Injeel, the Zabur (Psalms) or the Furqan (the Qur’an)”, He said, “Yes, O’ Messenger of Allah!”, the Messenger of
Allah said, “I hope that I will not leave through this door until you have learned it.” He (Ubayy) said, “The Messenger of Allah held my hand while speaking to
me, meanwhile I was slowing down fearing that he might reach the door before he finished his conversation. When we came close to the door, I said: “O’
Messenger of Allah! what is the surah that you have promised to teach me”. He said, “What do you read in the prayer”. Ubayy said, “So I recited Umm Al-Qur’an
to him”. He said, “By Him in Whose Hand is my soul! Allah has never revealed inthe Torah, Injeel, Zabur or the Furqan a surah like it. It is the seven repeated
verses that I was given”.